Professor of History and Philosophy of Science
Director and Curator of the Whipple Museum
Research interests: History of scientific instruments and the preservation of material relating to scientific heritage; early science and mathematics, particularly physics, meteorology and astronomy.
I was a co-investigator, with Nick Jardine and Sachiko Kusukawa, on the AHRC-funded project Diagrams, Figures and the Transformation of Astronomy, 1450–1650.
The Einstein Foundation awarded me a Visiting Fellowship, which supported my work (over four years) with the Berlin-based excellence cluster TOPOI: The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations.
My new book, Science Writing in Greco-Roman Antiquity, has just been published by Cambridge University Press as part of the Key Themes in Ancient History series. Here, I argue that by considering the diverse ways in which scientific ideas were communicated, in different types of texts, we can uncover otherwise hidden meanings and more fully comprehend the historical contexts in which those ideas were produced and shared, the aims of the authors and the expectations of ancient readers. I explore the rich variety of formats used to discuss scientific, mathematical and technical subjects, from c.700 BCE to the sixth century CE.
Science Writing in Greco-Roman Antiquity. (Key Themes in Ancient History.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.
'Archiving Scientific Ideas in Greco-Roman Antiquity', in Science in the Archives: Pasts, Presents, Futures, ed. Lorraine Daston, University of Chicago Press, 2017.
‘Selling by the Book: British Scientific Trade Literature after 1800’ (with Joshua Nall), in How Scientific Instruments Have Changed Hands, A.D. Morrison-Low, Paolo Brenni and Sara Schechner (eds), Brill, 2017, 21-42.
'Three Dimensional Models', with Joshua Nall, in A Companion to the History of Science, edited by Bernard Lightman (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016): 572-86
'Meteorology' in A Companion to Science, Technology and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome, edited by Georgia Irby (Wiley Blackwell, 2016): 232-46
'"Problematising" the Problems: The Problemata in Relation to Other Question-and-Answer Texts', The Aristotelian Problemata Physica: Philosophical and Scientific Investigations, edited by Robert Mayhew (Leiden: Brill, 2015): 413–436
, with Emma Perkins, Iconography of Scientific Instruments, thematic issue of Nuncius: Journal of the Material and Visual History of Science 30 (2015): 9–36
, Writing Science: Medical and Mathematical Authorship in Ancient Greece, edited by Markus Asper (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2013): 333–366
'Physiological Analogies and Metaphors in Explanations of the Earth and the Cosmos', Blood, Sweat and Tears – The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe, edited by Manfred Horstmanshoff, Helen King and Claus Zittel (Leiden: Brill, 2012): 41–63
Structures and Strategies in Ancient Greek and Roman Technical Writing, co-edited and introduced with Aude Doody and Sabine Föllinger, special issue of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 43 (2012) (: 233–236)
, introduction to commissioned Focus section: The History of Scientific Instruments (with articles by Jim Bennett, Simon Schaffer, Ken Arnold and Thomas Söderqvist), for which I served as editor, Isis 102 (2011): 689–696
'Greco-Roman Meteorology and Navigation', Maritime Technology in the Ancient Economy: Ship-Design and Navigation, edited by W.V. Harris and K. Iara, Journal of Roman Archaeology supplementary series no. 84 (2011): 133–146
'Translating the Phainomena across Genre, Language and Culture', Writings of Early Scholars in the Ancient Near East, Egypt and Greece: Zur Übersetzbarkeit von Wissenschaftssprachen des Altertums, edited by Annette Imhausen and Tanja Pommerening (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010): 109–127
'Das Lebewesen und die Erde: Analogie oder Metapher in physikalischen Erklärungen der Antike?', AKAN (Antike Naturwissenschaft und ihre Rezeption) XX, edited by Jochen Althoff, Sabine Föllinger and Georg Wöhrle (Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, 2010): 1–14
On Scientific Instruments, edited and introduced, special issue of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40.4 (2009) ('On Scientific Instruments': 337–343)
Authorial Voices in Greco-Roman Technical Writing (AKAN-Einzelschriften Band 7), co-edited and introduced with Aude Doody (Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, 2009)
'Cosmology and Meteorology', Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism, edited by James Warren (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009): 105–124
Aetna and the Moon: Explaining Nature in Ancient Greece and Rome (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2008)
'"Eratosthenes Sends Greetings to King Ptolemy": Reading the Contents of a "Mathematical" Letter', Mathematics Celestial and Terrestial – Festschrift für Menso Folkerts zum 65. Geburtstag, edited by Joseph W. Dauben, Stefan Kirschner, Andreas Kühne, Paul Kunitzsch and Richard P. Lorch, Acta Historica Leopoldina 54 (2008): 285–302
'Presenting a "Life" as a Guide to Living: Ancient Accounts of the Life of Pythagoras', The History and Poetics of Scientific Biography, edited by Thomas Söderqvist (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007): 17–36
The Whipple Museum of the History of Science: Instruments and Interpretations, to Celebrate the 60th Anniversary of R.S. Whipple's Gift to the University of Cambridge, edited and introduced with Frances Willmoth (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006)
'Are Orreries "Newtonian"? A Consideration of the Material, Textual and Pictorial Evidence', The Whipple Museum of the History of Science: Instruments and Interpretations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006): 403–426
'Preserving Nature? Ecology, Tourism and Other Themes in the National Parks', Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (2006): 602–611
Ancient Meteorology (London: Routledge, 2003; Greek translation, Athens: Enalios, 2003)
'Instruments of Alexandrian Astronomy: The Uses of the Equinoctial Rings', Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture, edited by C.J. Tuplin and T.E. Rihll (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002): 133–149
'On the Role of Museums in History of Science, Technology and Medicine', Endeavour 22 (1998): 41–43
'Heroes of Microscopy and Museology', Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 30 (1999): 729–744
'Evolutionary Ideas and "Empirical" Methods: The Analogy between Language and Species in Works by Lyell and Schleicher', British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1993): 171–193
'The Historical Function of the Forma Urbis Romae', Imago Mundi 45 (1993): 9–19
Ptolemy's Universe: The Natural Philosophical and Ethical Foundations of Ptolemy's Astronomy (Chicago: Open Court, 1993)
'Ptolemy and Ancient Astronomy', In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg, BBC Radio 4, 17 November 2011
'Pliny's Natural History', In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg, BBC Radio 4, 8 July 2010
'Meteorology', In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg, BBC Radio 4, 6 March 2003